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Neighbourhood policing


Neighbourhood Policing
May 2005


As part of the Government’s Police Reform agenda, every police force in the country is required to develop and implement a model of Neighbourhood Policing. The Government does not specify a model but is working closely with the Association of Chief Police Officers to develop a framework that encompasses a set of key principles that all forces will adopt as part of its local model of neighbourhood policing.

Lancashire Constabulary has commenced work across the county to develop our model of Neighbourhood Policing.  The first stage of implementation is intended to take place in September 2005.  This briefing note highlights the key features of neighbourhood policing. It sets out what the Constabulary’s approach is going to be so that you are aware of the steps we are taking with the intention that, wherever possible, we can work with you - our partners - at this very early stage in the process to complement any plans you are developing for the creation of confident and secure communities.

What is neighbourhood policing?

Neighbourhood policing is being developed to reduce both crime and peoples fear of crime. However, it clearly complements the broader requirements of the Local Government Strategy - particularly the principles set out in the recent ODPM consultation document “Citizen Engagement and Public Services: Why Neighbourhoods Matter.”  By fully involving you in the development of neighbourhood policing we aim to make sure that the arrangements we make locally will help us to achieve the strategic changes being asked of both Police and Partners in delivering the sustainable communities agenda.

Neighbourhood policing is about creating safer, secure and stronger neighbourhoods where people are confident that the Police and Partners understand the issues that matter most to them and are able to tackle them together.

It is achieved by providing the public with access to local policing, offering opportunities to influence local priorities, delivering positive interventions with partners to tackle identified priorities and providing answers on what has been done.

How are we going about developing neighbourhood policing?

Lancashire Constabulary is working to develop a common approach to Neighbourhood Policing that will be used by all divisions but which allows for local flexibility.

Identifying neighbourhoods

From the work we have done so far to identify neighbourhoods, we are seeing that neighbourhoods are not just ward based but there may be a number of neighbourhoods located in a ward. Early findings show that indeed a few neighbourhoods may cut across ward areas.

Consultation to date has shown that the public and partners have clear views on what their neighbourhood consists of and these have ranged from housing estates to large residential caravan sites and even marinas and universities.  

Identifying neighbourhood policing teams

Our next step will be to identify neighbourhood policing teams consisting of a mix of community beat managers, PCSOs, response officers, special constables and community volunteers and supported by analytical and investigative resources.

These teams may provide Policing services to a single or a number of neighbourhoods, as local circumstances dictate.

Access, accountability and engagement

Neighbourhood policing requires the police to provide far greater access and accountability than we have ever achieved so far and demands that we firmly focus our policing operations at a local level on addressing the problems identified by the people living or working in the neighbourhood.  

The introduction of PACT (Police and Communities Together) has enabled the public to identify policing concerns and to engage with us to tackle those issues. Many of the successes arising from PACT have come about from working with partners and the public to develop joint solutions. In the future, we will seek to continue joint working at neighbourhood level and will want to discuss with local partners how to achieve this.  

So why are we changing again?

It’s NOT about massive changes.  It’s about building on the good work that together we have achieved so far and further improving the quality of service we provide by focussing on the issues of concern at a very local level.

It’s about improving the quality of service we provide and empowering local people to improve their quality of life by focussing on the issues of concern at a very local level.

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